Diabetes mellitus is a chronic endocrine disorder. There are a number of different causes of diabetes but by far the majority of cases are classified as either type 1 or type 2 diabetes.

Signs and Symptoms of diabetes mellitus

  • Frequent urination (Frequent bed-wetting in children who have been toilet trained)
  • Excessive Thirst
  • Excessive Hunger
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Drowsiness
  • Irritability
  • Blurred vision or any change in sight
  • Fruity breath
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Sudden unexplained weight loss

Some of the benefits of exercise for patients with diabetes include:

  • It help to achieve optimal control of blood glucose levels
  • Decrease the risks of complications
  • Promote a feeling of well-being.
  • Reduce Risk of coronary heart disease
  • Improve sense of well-being.

Interventions for diabetes mellitus

Dietary management

  • First of all, you should follow healthy meal plan. you should balance your diet.
  • patient must have adequate CHO intake correspond to the time when insulin is most effective.
  • It’s better to routine your blood glucose testing before each meal.
  • Do not skip meals
  • Measure food accurately, do not estimate.
  • Add less fatty food and low cholesterol
  • Try to use complex carbohydrate because it stabilize your blood sugar. Hence, meal should include more fiber and starch and fewer simple sugars.
  • Avoid concentrated sweets because they are high in sugar.
  • Eat extra food before periods of vigorous exercise if you take insulin.
  • Avoid periods of fasting and feasting.
  • Keep weight at normal level.

Diabetic foods

Carrot sticks

  • Place in a seal-able plastic bag
  • Take it with you to eat healthy side dish anytime.
  • They are rich in fiber and water hence, it satisfy hunger with very few calories.
  • One of the few snacks in carbohydrates and fat.
  • A serving of 30 g contains only 70 calories, 4 g fat and less than 1 g of carbohydrates.

Raisins

  • First of all, raisins have more sugar than grapes.

Nuts and dried fruits

  • Although high in calories, it was found that those who consume them tend to weight less.
  • Finally, make sure that you buy the version without salt.

Low fat crackers

  • Buy cookies which contain at least 3 gram of fiber per serving.
  • In addition,  make sure that they do not have trans fats because that are related to heart disease.

Granola bars

  • Find brands that contains no less than 5 grams of fiber and no more than 150 calories per bar.
  • In addition, some bars contain up to 9 g of fiber, which helps to satisfy your appetite.

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