Insomnia is not known as the number of hours of sleep a person gets or how long it takes to fall asleep. Individuals may vary normally in their need for sleep.

What is healthy sleep?

many people think that healthy sleep is about one long 7-8 hour period of unconsciousness. although, sleep consists of different states of sleep that cycle along the night. These sleep cycles are normal alternations between and lighter rapid eye movement sleep and deeper sleep . Each cycle of these takes about 90 minutes in order to complete, and the cycle repeats 4-5 times across a normal sleep period. This cycle presents at all ages, and also across species.

Causes of insomnia?

Examples of these conditions include:

■ advanced age

■ female gender

■ a history of depression

There are many causes of insomnia. Transient and intermittent insomnia generally occur in people who are temporarily experiencing one or more of the following:

■ extreme temperatures

■ stress

■ change in the surrounding environment

■ environmental noise

■ medication side effects

■ sleep/wake schedule problems.

Who gets insomnia?

Insomnia is found in  both males and females of all age groups, however it may be more common in females and in the elderly. The ability to sleep decreases with advancing age.

Treatment of insomnia

  1. Relaxation Therapy: There are specific and effective techniques that may eliminate reduce body tention and anxiety. As a result of this, the person’s mind is able to stop “racing,” the muscles can relax. It usually takes much practice to learn these techniques.
  2. Sleep Restriction: Some people with insomnia spend too much time in bed without any reason trying to sleep. They may benefit from a sleep restriction technique that at first allows only a few hours of sleep during the night. Gradually this time is increased until they achieve a more normal night’s sleep.
  3. Reconditioning: this treatment may help also as it is used to recondition them to associate the bed and bedtime with sleep. For most people, this means not using their beds for any activities other than sleep. As part of this reconditioning process, the person is usually recommended to go to bed only when they feel sleep.

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